The aim of this paper is to offer the most complete overview of these instruments focusing on the strengths and weaknesses of different questionnaires currently available to assess different dimensions of OSA, and to suggest a simple screener for OSP.
The most researched area to date has been the consumption of Internet pornography, which also has the greatest intensity of use compared to the other areas of Internet sexuality (cybersex, sex shop, sex education). In terms of methodology, current studies span a broad spectrum with respect to data collection: interviews, questionnaires, observations, content analyses, and Internet log file recordings have all been used. The great majority of the studies, in fact, were carried out using data taken from surveys and questionnaires posted on websites, that were not evaluated on their psychometric properties (Albright, 2008; Boies, Cooper, & Osborne, 2004; Cooper, Griffin-Shelly, Delmonico, & Mathy, 2001; Cooper, Månnson, Daneback, Tikkanen, & Ross, 2003; Cooper, Scherer, & Mathy, 2004; Corley & Hook, 2012; Daneback, Cooper, & Månsson, 2005; Daneback, Månsson, & Ross, 2007; Grov, Gillespie, Royce, & Lever, 2011; Ross, Daneback, Månsson, Tikkanen, & Cooper, 2003; Ross, Månsson, & Daneback, 2012). Mc Kenna, Green, and Smith (2001) created some indexes from their 25-item survey, however they did not provide psychometric properties for the overall questionnaire, so it is difficult to use it as a tool to efficaciously evaluate OSA. Index of problematic online experiences: item characteristics and correlation with negative symptomatology. Accurate measurement is a fundamental key in the assessment and treatment of cybersex addiction, and in distinguishing non problematic online sexual behavior from cybersex addiction and other OSP (Green, Carnes, Carnes, & Weinman, 2012). Characteristics of men and women who complete or exit from an on-line Internet sexuality questionnaire: A study of instrument dropout biases.
To date, to the best of our knowledge, no review articles have been published that provide a systematic outline of questionnaires and scales for the evaluation in this field.
As is generally the case with social science research, standardized written surveys are the most common method. Prevalence, severity, and correlates of problematic sexual Internet use in Swedish men and women.
Alongside ad hoc questionnaires, new psychometric survey instruments have rarely been introduced (Döring, 2009) and tested to explore different kinds of OSA.
Although many of them are adequate for their own purposes, our review revealed a lack of standardized, internationally (culturally) accepted tools that are epidemiologically validated in general populations and that can be used to investigate OSA and to assess OSP.
The definitions of OSA and OSP continue to change and basic tools are essential to have a broader idea of the phenomenon and of the challenges and possibilities emerging from the double link between the Internet and sexuality. Online sexual activity: Cross-national comparison between United States and Peruvian college students.
A deeper understanding of Internet sexuality is therefore important for practitioners who work in the psychological and sexological fields.