Power & Associates is the leading firm of independent Commercial Property Consultants, Chartered Valuation Surveyors, Estate Agents and Asset & Property Managers serving clients in the Mid Western, Western, Southern, South Eastern and Midlands regions of Ireland.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: extensive excavation, open excavation, open-area excavation CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: A method of excavation in which the full horizontal extent of a site is cleared and large areas are open while preserving a in the balks between large squares. This method is often used to uncover houses and prehistoric settlement patterns.
CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: An accounting used in the lab after artifacts and ecofacts are initially processed and providing the numbers with which artifacts and ecofacts are marked for storage.Its records describe and record what was found during an archaeological investigation and it is the primary record for all materials after excavation.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: stripping excavations CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: A method of excavating whereby a large horizontal area is dug instead of a deep vertical one; clearing excavations in which large areas of overburden are removed to reveal horizontal distributions of data without leaving balks.This excavation layout is designed to investigate a large area for a modest outlay of effort.CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The systematic and scientific recovery of cultural, material remains of people as a means of obtaining data about past human activity.
Excavation is digging or related types of salvage work, scientifically controlled so as to yield the maximum amount of data. The excavation of a site, however, involves the destruction of the primary evidence, which can never be recovered.In short, excavation is the digging of archaeological sites, removal of the matrix, and observance of the provenience and context of the finds therein, and the recording of them in a three-dimensional way.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: horizontal (area) excavation CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The excavation of a site to reveal its horizontal extent.This technique allows the recognition of much slighter traces of ancient structures than other methods.On multi-period sites, however, it calls for much more meticulous recording since the stratigraphy is revealed one layer at a time.After an initial plan has been made of all visible features before excavation, digging proceeds according to the dictates of the site: sections may be taken across areas of feature intersection, or across individual features.